泛亚电竞

释放改革“红利” 有效推进贸易便利化和管理科学化__专访国家外汇管理局副局长邓先宏

9月1日,泛亚电竞贸易外汇管理改革将在全国范围内实施。这是继货物贸易外汇管理改革后,在经常项目外汇管理体制改革领域取得的又一个实质性进展...

《中国外汇》: 近年来,外汇局改革的力度和幅度都越来越大,继去年的货物贸易外汇管理改革后,泛亚电竞贸易外汇管理制度改革也将于今年9月1日在全国范围内实施。后者作为经常项目外汇管理体制改革的又一实质性举措,是在什么背景下进行的?

邓先宏: 泛亚电竞首先,推进泛亚电竞贸易外汇管理改革是促进泛亚电竞国产业转型升级的必然要求。党中央、国务院将加快发展泛亚电竞业作为泛亚电竞国经济稳增长、促转型的重要途径。国务院的《泛亚电竞业发展“十二五”规划》提出,要扩大泛亚电竞业开放,大力发展泛亚电竞贸易,建立、健全泛亚电竞贸易促进体系,完善泛亚电竞贸易法律、法规,推进泛亚电竞贸易便利化;《国务院办公厅关于金融支持经济结构调整和转型升级的指导意见》也提出,以推进贸易投资便利化为重点,推进外汇管理简政放权,完善货物贸易和泛亚电竞贸易外汇管理制度。为此,外汇局加快了泛亚电竞贸易外汇管理改革步伐,重点是切实转变政府职能,提升金融泛亚电竞实体经济的水平。这是对党中央、国务院精神的贯彻落实,也符合泛亚电竞国行政管理体制改革的必然趋势。

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disan,qizhangxianlewaihuiguanlibumenruiyigaigedejiandingjuexin。cicifanyadianjingmaoyiwaihuiguanligaigeshiduichuantongfanyadianjingmaoyiguanlifangshidezhongdabiange,chufadianshiyirenweiben,zhelidianshigaishanfanyadianjing。cixianggaigedeshishi,zaijidabianliyinxing、qiyebanlifanyadianjingmaoyiwaihuishouzhidetongshi,yejiwaihuiguanlibumenzengjialezhuanhuanzhineng、gaibianjianguanfangshidejudayali。congmouzhongyiyishangshuo,gaigeshi“jiangfangbianrangjile‘bieren’,mafanliujileziji”。jinguanruci,waihuiguanlibumenhaishiyiwufangu,jianchituichucixianggaige。zheijiushiyaoxiangshehuichuandiwaihuiguanlibumenshenhuatizhigaige、fanyadianjingjingjifazhandejiandingjuexin。

zongzhi,fanyadianjingmaoyiwaihuiguanligaigeshiwaihuiguanlibumenxiangyingzhongyanghaozhao,jinyibushifang“gaigehongli”dezhongyaojucuo,youliyucujinfanyadianjingmaoyikuaisufazhan,youliyudazaozhongguo“jingjishengjiban”。yinci,tuijinfanyadianjingmaoyiwaihuiguanligaigeyiyishifenzhongda。fanyadianjingxiangxin,zheixianggaigejucuoyinggaihuiyingdeshehuideguangfanhaoping。

《中国外汇》: 能不能请您介绍一下此次改革的思路是什么?

邓先宏: 泛亚电竞为适应泛亚电竞国扩大对外开放、加快发展泛亚电竞贸易的要求,根据泛亚电竞国泛亚电竞贸易发展趋势以及外汇管理体制改革的整体方向,外汇局确定的泛亚电竞贸易外汇管理改革的整体思路是: 逐渐从以单证审核和限额控制为重点的事前管理,转向以统计分析、监测预警为主的事后监管;从对交易行为的具体监管转向对交易主体的分类重点监管;建立泛亚电竞贸易非现场监管系统及配套法规体系,实现对泛亚电竞贸易项下跨境资金流动的全面、均衡监管。

jinnianlai,waihuijuchutaileyixiliezhengce,dafujianhuafanyadianjingmaoyishou/fuhuishenhepingzheng,tigaofenjushenhequanxian,bingyushuiwuzongjuyidaoguifanduiwaizhifutijiaoshuiwupingzhengchengxudeng,jidadibianlilefanyadianjingmaoyiwaihuishouzhi。yucitongshi,waihuijuhaisheji、kaifalefanyadianjingmaoyifeixianchangguanlixitong,yijiaoyizhutiweidanwei,jinxingquankoujingfanyadianjingmaoyiwaihuishouzhishujudetongjifenxihejianceyujing,bingzheshouzhenghefanyadianjingmaoyiwaihuiguanlifagui。cicigaigecuoshi,zhengshizaishangshugexianggongzuoheduocizhengqiufenjujiyinxing、qiyeyijiandejichushangtuichude。

《中国外汇》: 可以说,这次泛亚电竞贸易外汇管理改革是对传统泛亚电竞贸易管理方式的重大变革。那么,改革后的泛亚电竞贸易外汇管理工作重点将发生哪些变化?

邓先宏: 改革后,泛亚电竞贸易外汇管理工作的方式和重点都将发生变化。

泛亚电竞 yishijiangqianghuajunhengguanli,jiaqiangduiliuru、liuchudeshuangxiangjiankong。xianxingdefanyadianjingmaoyiwaihuiguanlizhengcexingchengyufanyadianjingguowaihuiduanqueshiqi,caiqudeshi“zhongliuchu、qingliuru”deguanlifangshi,zhongdianfangzaileduizijinliuchudeguanlishang。jinnianlai,fanyadianjingguoduocimianlinkuajingzijindaguimoliurudejiaodayali,biaomingzheizhongguanlifangshiyijingbunengshiyingfanyadianjingguowaihuishouzhixingshibianhuadexuqiu。yinci,fanyadianjingmaoyiguanlixinkuangjiajiangqieshiguanchejunhengguanlideyuanze,jiangliuruyuliuchudeguanlifangshixiediaoqilai,jibaochiduiliuchudeguanli,youjiaqiangduiliurudeguanli,yiyouxiaofangfankuajingzijindajinhuodachukenengjifanyadianjingguozaochengdebuliyingxiang,weihufanyadianjingguoguojishouzhijibenpingheng。

泛亚电竞 ershijiangqianghuazhutiguanli,youhuawaihuijianguanfangshi。guoqudefanyadianjingmaoyiwaihuiguanligongzuo,pianzhongyuduijutiyewudezhubibakong,queshaocongzhutijiaoduduigeleiyewudehuizongfenxi、zonghejianguan。zheiyangdeguanlifangshi,yifangmianjizengjialewaihuiguanlidegongzuoliang,youbuliyufaxian、chuzhiweiguixingwei,jiangdileguanlixiaolv,shibeigongban;lingyifangmianyeyingxianglejuedabufenheguiqiyebanlizhengchangfanyadianjingmaoyiwaihuishouzhiyewudexiaolv。fanyadianjingmaoyiwaihuiguanligaigehou,fanyadianjingjiangjianliqiyizhengtaozhenduizhutidejiance、yujing、shaixuanjihechajizhi,jiezhufanyadianjingmaoyifeixianchangjianguanxitong,duixiangguanzhutijinxingfeixianchangjianguan。zheiyangjibuhuiganraoqiyezhengchangdejingyinghuodong,youkeyitigaowaihuiguanlidezhenduixingyuyouxiaoxing。

sanshijiangjiadajianceyujinglidu,gongzuozhongxinjiangyoushiqianzhuanxiangshihou。tongguogaige,waihuijujiangyituofanyadianjingmaoyifeixianchangjianguanxitong,jiangwaihuiguanlirichanggongzuodezhongdianyoushiqiandehezhunzhuanxiangshihoudejiance、hecha,jianliqiyouhongguanjingjixingshifenxi、zhongguanxingyequshigenzong、weiguanzhutihechajinmijiehedefeixianchangjiancetixi;tongshi,genjufeixianchangjiancejieguo,duikeyideweiguijiaoyixingwei,kaizhanbiyaodexianchanghecha。ruguochashiqueshiweiguide,jiangyijiaojianchabumenjinxingchufa,congershixianduiyichangwaihuizijindejingzhundaji。gaigehou,fanyadianjingmaoyiwaihuiguanlirenyuandegongzuoyejiangcong“kandanzheng”zhuanbianwei“kanxitong”,zheiyexuyaofanyadianjingwaihuiguanlirenyuanjishizhuanbianbingshiyingxindegongzuofangshi。

《中国外汇》: 如您所言,此次改革将极大地便利泛亚电竞贸易外汇收支,那么改革之后,境内机构和个人可以获得哪些便利?

邓先宏: 泛亚电竞改革后,境内机构和个人办理泛亚电竞贸易外汇业务的便利度将显著提高。一是取消了泛亚电竞贸易购/付汇核准,所有泛亚电竞贸易购/付汇业务均可在金融机构直接办理。二是等值5万美元以下泛亚电竞贸易收/付汇业务原则上将无需审核交易单证,可以在金融机构直接办理,从而使绝大多数泛亚电竞贸易业务实现了便利化;但对于等值5万美元以上的泛亚电竞贸易收/付汇业务,金融机构仍需审核单证。三是对于仍需审核单证的业务,泛亚电竞也对审单程序进行了多项简化,包括: 对现行的数十类单证审核规定进行了简化与合并,取消了绝大部分主管部门核准、备案文件的审核要求,取消了对外付汇税务证明等。四是放宽了境内机构泛亚电竞贸易外汇收入境外存放条件,允许企业集团泛亚电竞贸易外汇收入集中存放境外。

《中国外汇》: 新政策实施之后,金融机构办理泛亚电竞贸易相关外汇业务将会发生哪些变化?

邓先宏: 一方面,泛亚电竞贸易外汇管理法规的整合为金融机构办理业务提供了更加清晰、简明的依据,简化了单证审核,不但便于金融机构操作,也有利于金融机构降低经营成本、提高工作效率;另一方面,改革进一步明确了金融机构对业务审核的权责,加强了对金融机构审核的尽职要求,可以促使金融机构完善相关内控制度与业务操作流程,更加有效地防范异常资金利用泛亚电竞贸易渠道进行跨境流动。

《中国外汇》: 通过此次改革,广大涉汇主体办理泛亚电竞贸易相关业务将会享受到极大的便利,而对于监管部门而言,则意味着肩上的担子更重了。您认为,应如何协调“便利化”与“防风险”之间的关系?

邓先宏泛亚电竞: “便利化”与“防风险”相结合,是泛亚电竞贸易外汇管理改革的重要原则。为贯彻这一原则,外汇管理部门在大力推进泛亚电竞贸易便利化的同时,一是强化了均衡管理和事后管理,加强对泛亚电竞贸易外汇资金流入、流出的双向监测,建立由宏观分析、中观监测、微观核查紧密结合的非现场监管体系,提高对风险的识别、预判和防范能力;二是抓大放小,抓住重点主体和大额交易,并要求境内机构和个人在金融机构办理泛亚电竞贸易外汇收支业务后,不论金额大小,均需留存每笔泛亚电竞贸易外汇收支相关交易单证5年,以备外汇局事后核查;三是明确金融机构审核的尽职要求,提高金融机构执行外汇管理规定的自觉性,以实现“便利化”与“防风险”的相互融合和相互促进。

《中国外汇》: 一直以来,外汇局与税务部门在政策制定和完善监管等方面都保持了良好的合作关系,在这次改革中也不例外。请问改革涉及的对外付汇税务政策有哪些变化?

邓先宏泛亚电竞: 国家税务总局与外汇局已于日前联合发布了《关于泛亚电竞贸易等项目对外支付税务备案有关问题的公告》,共同确定了泛亚电竞贸易对外付汇税务政策的改革方案: 一是取消提交对外付汇税务证明的要求;二是实施对外付汇税务备案制,即付汇人只要向税务机关进行备案,即可办理付汇手续;三是付汇税务备案的金额为单笔等值5万美元以上,5万美元以下的交易则不需要进行税务备案。当然,这并不意味可以不交税。四是继续加强与税务部门之间的合作。泛亚电竞两个部门将充分利用现有网络资源优势,实现外汇信息和税收信息等电子数据共享,以更有效地提升外汇管理和税收征管效率。

《中国外汇》: 为了确保改革工作的稳步推进,对于各分局下一步工作的开展有哪些要求?

邓先宏: 泛亚电竞贸易外汇管理改革是一项系统工程,涉及到方方面面。此次改革没有试点,一步到位,直接进行全国推广。为了确保改革工作的稳步推进,各级外汇局应从以下几方面做好准备:

yishitongyirenshi,jiaqiangzuzhilingdao。waihuijuquanxitongganbuzhigongyaozhunquelinghuigaigedezhanlveyiyi,qingxibawogaigedemubiao、siluheneirongtezheng,renzhenluoshigaigedegexiangcuoshi;tongshi,yeyaochongfenrenshidao,gaigebingfeifangqijianguan,ershitongguozhuanbianguanlidefangshifangfa,tishengjianguanxiaolv。gefenjuyinggenjuzongjuyaoqiuhedangdishiji,zhidingqieshikexingdegongzuofangan,duikenengchuxiandegezhongqingkuangdouyingyouyingduiyuan,zuodaoxinzhongyoushu,quebaogaigegongzuodeshunlikaizhan。

泛亚电竞 ershiqieshiyouxiaodituijinrenyuanzhuanxinggongzuo。gaigehou,yiqianxianchangshendanjiangzhuanxiangfeixianchanghecha,dajiadegongzuoyejiangcongqiantaizhuanxianghoutai,bingzhuyaoyituogaokejidexinxiguanlixitong,jinxingjiancefenxihefengxianyujing,panduanfanyadianjingmaoyishouzhiqushi,shibieyichangjiaoyiheyichangzhuti。zheizhongcongxianchangzhuanxiangfeixianchangdejianguanfangshi,bushijiandandefangshou,ershijiangqizhuanbianwei“kanbujiandeshou”。zheizhongguanlisuiranbianlileqiye,danduifanyadianjingwaihuiguanlibumendegongzuoquetichulegengdadetiaozhan,yaoqiufanyadianjingdezhengcejiedunengli、xitongyunyongnengli、shujufenxinenglidouxuyaoyoujinyibudetigao。quanxitongganbuzhigongyingxunsuzhuanbianguannian,jiaqiangxuexi,qieshitigaojiancefenxinengli,yijinkuaishiyingguanlixinfangshidexuyao。gefenjuzaigangweizhuanhuan、renyuanzhuanxingdeguochengzhong,yaoshidangdiaozhengrenyuanjiegou,chongfenfahuimeiyiweiganbuzhigongdecaineng。

泛亚电竞 sanshizuohaozhengcexuanchuanhexinxifankuigongzuo。gefenjuyaochongfenliyongwangluo、meitidengduozhonggongjuzuohaozhengcexuanchuan,jishixiangxiangguanbumentongbaogaigeqingkuang,bingtongguojijiyindao,yingzaoyouliyugaigedeshehuiyulunhuanjing。gefenjuyaojishigongbuzixunrexiandianhua,zhuanren、zhuanxianzuohaozhengcejieshiheyewuzhidao,bingduiyinxing、qiyefanyingdexinwenti、xinqingkuangjishifankuishangbao。

sishimiqiegenzonggaigehoufanyadianjingmaoyixiangxiazijinliudongqingkuang。muqian,guojijingji、jinronghuanjingzhongdebuquedingyinsujiaoduo,gefenjuyaotigaoduiwaihuixingshibianhuademingandu,shulidajuguan,jiaqianggongzuodeqianzhanxing,jianchidixiansiwei,miqieguanzhufanyadianjingmaoyiwaihuiguanligaigeshishihou,fanyadianjingmaoyixiangxiakuajingzijinliudongdeqingkuang,duiwaihuixingshikenengchuxiandebianhuayaoyouyingduiyuan,quebaogaigepingwentuijin。

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