泛亚电竞

破解广西第一起信用证欺诈案

发布:泛亚电竞_泛亚电竞app怎么下载-官网APP下载 2013-02-12 10:45 来源:泛亚电竞_泛亚电竞app怎么下载-官网APP下载 《中国外汇》2014年第3、4期合刊
信用证欺诈的预防和减少,在很大程度上取决于开证申请人是否具备应有的审慎。因此,要降低信用证欺诈风险,必须加强银企合作,共同采取防范措施。

文/韦晓蔚

作者单位: 中国银行广西区分行国际结算部

 

2013nian12yue13ri,jingguangxigaoyuanzuizhongpanjue,yiqiyouzhongguoyinxingkailideyanqifukuanxinyongzhengyinfadeqizhajiufenan,yishouyirenqizhachengli、zhongxingjiechuxinyongzhengxiadefukuanzerenerxuangaojiean。gaianjingyishenjiershen,lishi3nianduo,duiyuzhongxingjiguoneijinkoushanglaishuo,shishubuyi。cianshiguangxidangdisifajieshoulidediyiqixinyongzhengqizhaanjian,shenliguochengjiqicaijuebujinshibanlixinyongzhengyewudeyinxingdedaoqishi,gengweiguoneijinkoushangliyongyanqifukuanxinyongzhengweihuzishenliyitigonglezhenguiqiezhidejiejiandejingyan。

 

案件回放

 

2010nian6yue,zhongxingkehubgongsiyumeiguogongsimqiandinghetong,xiangmeiguomgongsigoumai150dungaokejihuagongcailiao(taocijinshuouheji)。11yue8ribgongsizaizhongxingshenqingkailileyimgongsiweishouyirendebukechexiaoyanqifukuanxinyongzheng(credit availableby deferred payment with issuingbank),gaizhengfukuanxingweizhongxing,zongjine180wanmeiyuan,fukuanqixianweitidanrihou80tian,jiagetiaokuancifzhongguoguangxibeihai,tongzhixingweimeiguocyinxing。11yue19ri,shouyirenmgongsitongguocyinxingxiangzhongxingjijiaolexinyongzhengxiaquantaodanjubingzaidangriyucyinxingqianshule《xinyongzhengkuanxiangyufuzongxieyi》。2010nian11yue29ri,zhongxingxiangcyinxingfalemt799geshidedianwen,biaoming“docs have been accepted to mature on110203”,chengnuozaidaoqiri2011nian2yue3rifukuan。cyinxinggenjuzhiqianyushouyirendexieyi,zaishoudaozhongxingchengnuodaoqifukuandedianwenhou,yu2010nian11yue30rijiyushouyirenxianxingdianfukuanxiang。

 

cihou,shenqingrenbgongsifaxianhuoyunyidian,tongguohaishidiaochabingtiqingguojimaoyizhongcai,rendingcunzaihuowuqizha,shenqingrenwuxuzhifuhetongxiangxiakuanxiang,tamenchenggongshenqingdaofayuanduixinyongzhengxiangxiakuanxiangdezhifuling,jiyixinyongzhengqizhaweiyouduishouyirenzaiguoneitiqisusong,zhongxinghecyinxingbeifayuandingweianjiandisanrencanjiasusong。yishenpanjuexinyongzhengqizhachengli。mgongsijicyinxingbufuyishenpanjue,tiqishangsu,zhongshenbohuishangsu,weichiyuanpan。

 

案件分析

 

泛亚电竞 fatingbianlunshiweiraozheshouyirenshifoucunzaiqizha、zhongxingzaigaixinyongzhengxiashifouchengdui、cyinxingshifouweishanyidisanreneryingshoubaohudengsangejiaodianwentizhankai。gaixinyongzhengxiatidanjizaineirongxujiadezhengjuchongfen,benwenbuzaizhuishu,bizhejinjiuhouliangxiangjiaodianzuojinyibudefenxi。

 

焦点一,中行在该信用证下是否构成承兑?结论: 中行在该信用证下并未构成承兑。

 

泛亚电竞 liyouyi,benanzhongdeyanqifukuanxinyongzhengxiabucunzaichengduixingwei。ucp600diertiaoduixinyongzhenghechengfufenbiezuochudingyi。xinyongzheng“zhiyixiangbukechexiaodeanpai,wulunqimingchenghuomiaoshuruhe,gaixianganpaigouchengkaizhengxingduixiangfujiaodanyuyichengfudequedingchengnuo”。yanqifukuanxinyongzhengxiadechengfu,zhi“chengnuoyanqifukuanbingzaichengnuodaoqirifukuan”;chengduixinyongzhengxiadechengfuzhi“chengduishouyirenkaichudehuipiaobingzaihuipiaodaoqirifukuan”。kejian,chengduizhuanzhi“chengduishouyirenkaichudehuipiao”。kaizhengxingzaixinyongzhengxiachengduideduixiangyingshixinyongzhengguidingdeyuanqihuipiao,changjiandeyouchengduixinyongzhengxiangxiayikaizhengxingzuoweifukuanrendeyuanqihuipiao,yeyoudaiyouhuipiaotiaokuandeyifuxinyongzhengxiangxiadeyuanqihuipiao。benanzhongdeyanqifukuanxinyongzhengjiranbuxuyaoshouyirentijiaohuipiao,yejiuyiweizhebucunzaikaizhengxingchengduidexingwei。ershangshuliangzhongdaihuipiaodeyuanqixinyongzhengyoushiyouqubiede。qianzheguidingleyuanqihuipiaoshiyikaizhengxingzuoweifukuanren,chengduixingyukaizhengxingweitongyiyinxingdeqingkuangxia,kaizhengxingduiyuhuipiaodechengduixingwei,shizaihuipiaohoumianzuochubeishu。jingkaizhengxingbeishudehuipiaoshijishangjiushiduikaizhengxingdaoqifukuandeyigequeren。shouyirenyinxingkepingkaizhengxingdechengduiduishouyirenjiyuxianxingdianfu,zheiyejiushifanyadianjingpingshisuoshuodechukouyahui。danyinshouyirenyinxingbushixinyongzhengdekailiyinxing,meiyouzaihuipiaohoumianjinxingbeishudequanli,zaigaihuipiaoxiayemeiyourenheshanyichipiaorendediwei。ruguokaizhengxingdaoqibufukuan,shouyirenyinxingshikeyixiangshouyirenjinxingzhuisuode。erzaihouzhe(daiyouhuipiaotiaokuandeyifuxinyongzhengxiangxiadeyuanqihuipiao)xinyongzhengxia,ruguoxinyongzhengguidingleshouyirenyinxingweiyifuxing,shouyirenjiaodanshitongshitijiaolexinyongzhengxiadeyuanqihuipiao,yifuxingduiqidanjushenhewuwuerjuedingyifu,yifuxingdeyifuxingweiketongguozaihuipiaohoudebeishujinxingtixian。cishikaizhengxingkepingyifuxingzaihuipiaohoudebeishuzhidaoyifuxingzaikaizhengjiyuchengduizhiqian,yifuxingduishouyirenjiangyaohuoyijingjinxingleyifu(jifukuan)。yifuxingbeishuxingweijishoudaoxinyongzhengtiaokuandebaohu,qibeishujiushishanyichipiaorendebeishu。ruguokaizhengxingweinengzaidaoqirifukuan,yifuxingduikaizhengxingshiyouzhuisuoquande。

 

liyouer,kaizhengxingdefukuanchengnuobujuyouchengduideyisi。ucp600diqitiaoa.iii.chanminglekaizhengxingzaiyanqifukuanxinyongzhengxiadezerenshi,“xinyongzhengguidingyouzhidingyinxingyanqifukuandanqiweichengnuoyanqifukuan,huosuiyichengnuoyanqifukuan,danweizaidaoqirifukuan”,kaizhengxingbixuduixiangfujiaodanchengfu。youyukaizhengxingkailidexinyongzhengshiyikaizhengxingyanqifukuandexinyongzheng,zhidingyinxingyiweikaizhengxing,kaizhengxingdezerenweidaoqifukuan,jiweishouquanrenheyijiayinxingchengdui,yeweiyaoqiushouyirentijiaohuipiao,yinerkaizhengxingjicyinxingfachudechengnuodaoqifukuandedianbaozhong“docs havebeen accepted to mature on110203”de“accepted”yicibudaiyouchengduideyisi,zhinenglijieweijieshoudanjuerbushichengduihuipiao。zheiwuluncongzimianshanghaishixinyongzhengxingzhishangdoufuhekaizhengxingdebenyiheucp600。cyinxingcengyuanyinucp600diqitiaoc.guanyu“zhidingyinxingchengfuhuoyifuxiangfujiaodanbingjiangdanjuzhuanjikaizhengxingzhihou,kaizhengxingjichengdanchangfugaizhidingyinxingdezeren。duichengduihuoyanqifukuanxinyongzhengxiaxiangfujiaodanjinedechangfuyingzaidaoqiribanli,wulunzhidingyinxingshifouzaidaoqirizhiqianyufuhuogoumailedanju…”deguiding,jianchirenweikaizhengxingduitamenyouchangfuzeren。qishizaigaixinyongzhengxia,cyinxingbingfeikaizhengxingzhidingyinxing,yinci,shangshuucp600guidingderenheqingxingduicyinxingdoubushiyong。gaixingjindaishouyirenjijiaodanju,kaizhengxingzaidaoqiridefukuanyezhishiduishouyirendefukuan,erfeiduicyinxingdechangfu。

 

liyousan, kaizhengxingkaijude“ chengduifei”pingzhengbunenggaibianxinyongzhengdexingzhi。fatingshangcyinxingchushilekaizhengxingchengfuhouxiangkaizhengshenqingrenshouqudechengnuofukuandefeiyongpingzhengfuyinjian,yipingzhengshangyinxingshouqudefeiyongmingchengwei“chengduifei”weiyou,zhiyirenweiyinxingyiduigaizhengxiadanjujinxinglechengdui。kaizhengyinxingfanboruxia: (1)shouqu“chengduifei”shikaizhengxingxiangkaizhengshenqingrenshouqufeiyongdeyigexiangmumingcheng。shuyukaizhengxingyushenqingrenzhijiandehetongyueding,shikaizhengxingzaifeijiqifukuandexinyongzhengxiaduiwaizuochufukuanchengnuohoudeyiguanzuofa,yudisanfangwuguan。(2)kaizhengxingxiangshenqingrenshouqu“chengduifei”bingbunengzhengmingkaizhengxingzaixinyongzhengxiajinxinglechengdui,yebukenenggaibianyuanxinyongzhengfeichengduixinyongzhengdexingzhi。

 

焦点二,该案C银行是否为信用证司法解释所规定的善意第三人?结论: C银行不能成为善意第三人。

 

genju《zuigaorenminfayuanguanyushenlixinyongzhengjiufenanjianruoganwentideguiding》dishitiaoguiding“renminfayuanrendingcunzaiqizhade,yingdangcaidingzhongzhizhifuhuozhepanjuezhongzhizhifuxinyongzhengxiangxiakuanxiang,danyouxialieqingxingzhiyidechuwai: (1)kaizhengxingdezhidingren、shouquanrenyianzhaokaizhengxingdezhilingshanyidijinxinglefukuan;(2)kaizhengxinghuozheqizhidingren、shouquanrenyiduixinyongzhengxiangxiapiaojushanyidizuochulechengdui;(3)baoduixingshanyididuixinyongzhenglvxinglefukuanyiwu;(4)yifuxingshanyidijinxingleyifu。” neime,cyinxingzaigaizhengxiashifouyoushuyushangshusizhongqingxingzhiyideliwaiqingxingni?daanshimeiyou。

 

泛亚电竞 liyouyi,benanxinyongzhengxiachukaizhengxingzhiwaimeiyouqitazhidingyinxing。cyinxingduishouyirenrongziweijingkaizhengxingzhidinghuoshouquan,shixinyongzhengzhiwaidexingwei,yukaizhengxingwuguan。cyinxingchenggaixingshijiyushoudaokaizhengxingjiqifachuchengduidianwenhou,caijiyushouyirenjinxingderongzi。shishiguozhenrucima?fatingshangcyinxingtijiaofayuandepingzhengzhongyouyifen2011nian11yue19riyushouyirenqianshude《xinyongzhengkuanxiangyufuzongxieyi》,jizaishouyirenjiaodanshigaixingyijuedingweiqijinxingrongzile。yejiushishuocyinxingcongyikaishijiujinrulewuqu,wushiyanqifukuanxinyongzhengxiaqizishenbingbushizhidingyinxingdeqingxing。zhunquedishuo,qirongzishijiyutamenyushouyirenqiandingderongzixieyi,zhibuguoyuedingdeshijifafangrongzishijian,shizaishoudaokaizhengxingdaoqifukuanquerendianzhihou,zheiyirongzixingweixianeryijianbingweijingkaizhengxingdeshouquan,zhinengguibishendanfengxian,dangrandebudaoucp600dewanquanbaohu。

 

liyouer,kaizhengxingdaoqifukuandechengnuozhenduideshishouyirenerbushicyinxing。cyinxingzaixinyongzhengxiajiaodanheqingqiufukuandexingweishishoushouyirenweituoerwei,tazhishijidanxing,zhishidaibiaoshouyiren,meiyoudulidefukuanqingqiuquan。jiranshouyirencunzaixinyongzhengqizha,shouyirenjiubuyingdedaoxinyongzhengfukuan。zuoweianshouyirenweituoxingshidejiaodanyinxing,cyinxingtongyangbuyingdedaofukuan。

 

liyousan,cyinxingbushixinyongzhenghuipiaodeshanyichipiaoren。qianwenyishu,cifenyanqifukuanxinyongzhengmeiyouhuipiao,yincigenbenbucunzaishanyichipiaoren。youyuzaixinyongzhengzhongkaizhengxingbingweishouquanhuozhidingcyinxingjinxingfukuanhuorongzi(jiyufuhuodianfu),cyinxingjiuwufazuoweishanyidisanrenyongyouduikaizhengxingdeqiuchangquan,qirongzijiubukenengdedaokaizhengxingdechangfu。yincibenanbushiyongxinyongzhengsifajieshidishitiaodesizhongqizhaliwaidechuwaiqingxing。genju“renminfayuanshenlipiaojujiufenanjianderuoganwentideguiding”dedisitiao: “chipiaorenzhinengzaishouxianxiangfukuanrenxingshifukuanqingqiuquanerdebudaofukuanshi,caikeyixingshizhuisuoquan。”hediwutiao: “ fukuanqingqiuquanshichipiaorenxiangyoudediyishunxuquanli,zhuisuoquanshichipiaorenxiangyoudediershunxuquanli,jihuipiaodaoqibeijujuefukuanhuozhejuyoupiaojufadiliushiertiaodierkuansuolieqingxingde,chipiaorenqingqiubeishuren、chupiaorenyijihuipiaodeqitazhaiwurenzhifupiaojufadiqishitiaodiyikuansuoliejinehefeiyongdequanli。gaizhengxiacyinxinggenbenbufuhechipiaorenhebeishurendengtexing,wulunshicongxinyongzhenghuoshipiaojufadejiaodu,doubufuheshanyichipiaorendediwei。yinci,kaizhengxingwuchangfugaixingdeyiwu。

 

案件启示

 

gendanxinyongzhengzhishiyizhongmaoyijiesuanfangshi,bingbushiwannengdefabao,gengpianzhongyushijuyouyinxingxinyongdezhifugongju。suirangaizhongjiesuanfangshixiayinyinxingdecanyuerjimaoyishuangfangzengjialexinrenduheshoukuandebaozhang,danshizaixinyongzhengdeduliyuanzexia,yinxingmeiyouyiwuheshishouyirensuotigongdedanjudezhenshixing,yebukenengjiankongmaimaihetongdelvxingjikongzhiqizhadefasheng。yaoyufanghejianshaoxinyongzhengqizha,zaihendachengdushangqujueyukaizhengshenqingrenshifoujubeiyingyoudeshenshen。yinci,yaojiangdixinyongzhengqizhafengxian,bixujiaqiangyinqihezuo,gongtongcaiqufangfancuoshi。yixiajidiankegongguoneijinkoushangcankao:

 

qiyi,congkaizhengshenqingrendejiaodu,zuiyouxiaodefangqizhadefangfashixuanzezixinlianghao、chengshikekaodemaoyihuoban。yongyuanbuyaohepianzidajiaodao,wulunjiaoyibeishejideduomewanmei。shenqingrenketongguowanglaiyinxing,shouyirensuozaiguodezixinpinggujigou、shanghui、xingyexiehuihuozhuwaijigoudengduishouyirenzixinjinxingdiaocha。zaimaimaihetongqianyue、lvxingdegegehuanjiejiaqiangkongzhi。jinkoukaizhengxiaxuanzefobjiageshuyu,shenqingrenkezixingxuanzechuanyungongsi、baoxiangongsi,zhangwohuowuhezhuangyun,fangzhishouyirenzaihuowuhetidanfangmianqizha。tebieshizaidazonghuowujinkoujiaoyizhong,shenqingrenketongtongguozaixinyongzhengdanjutiaokuanzhongyaoqiushouyirenfahuohoutijiao/chuanzhentidanfubenhuozhuangyuntongzhidengdanju,jishilejiezhuanghuoqingkuang,tebieshiduichuanming、jizhuangxianghao、mudegang、huowushuliangdeng,yaoyoumingqueguiding,fangzhishouyirengoujiechuandongjinxingqizha。biyaoshiketongguoguojishanghui、guojihaishiju、guojihaishizuzhiyijiyixieyoumingwangdechuanbojingjirenjinxinggezhongbiyaodediaocha。

 

qier,jinliangxuanzeliyuzijidexinyongzhengfukuanfangshi。fanyadianjingguokaichudexinyongzhengzhongyifuxinyongzhengzuiduo。xiangbiyikaizhengxingweifukuanrendeyanqifukuanxinyongzheng,yifuxinyongzhenggengpianxiangyubaohurongziyinxing(yifuxing)deliyi。yinggaishuo,wulunshicongkaizhengxingdejiaodu,haishishenqingrendejiaodu,yikaizhengxingweifukuanrendeyanqifukuanxinyongzhengshizuiweiyoulide。wuyongzhiyi,zaibenanzhong,xinyongzhengqizhafashengshicyinxingwufayikaoxinyongzhengsifajieshizhongqizhaliwaizhiliwaideguidinglaibaohuziji,zhengshishenqingrenjikaizhengxingcongbaohuzishendejiaodukaolv,zhengquedixuanzelezheizhongxinyongzhengleixingsuodedaodehuibao。neime,xuanzeshenmeyangdexinyongzhengduiyujinkoushangeryanzuinengbaohuqiliyini?bizhejiangchangyongdexinyongzhengfukuanfangshiankaizhengxingjijinkoushangchengdandefengxiancongxiaodaodadeshunxu,pailieruxia: ①available with issuingb a n k b y payment(kaizhengxingjiqifukuanyouxiao);②available with issuingbank by defferred payment(kaizhengxingyanqifukuanyouxiao); ③available withissuing bank by acceptance(kaizhengxingchengduiyouxiao);④available with abcb y n e g o t i a t i o n(ab cyinxingyifuyouxiao);⑤available with any bank bynegotiation(renyiyinxingyifuyouxiao)。yinci,conglingyigejiaodushangshuo,chukoushangliyongyuanqiyifuxinyongzhengjinxingqizhashizuiweirongyide。shouxian,zaichengduixinyongzhengxia,shouyirenhuodelezhidingyinxingchengduidehuipiaojiyiweizheshouyirenhuodeleyinxingdefukuanchengnuo。jingyinxingchengduiledeyuanqihuipiaodeanquanxing、liutongxingdoujiaohao,chukoushangkepingcihuoderongzi,yinci,daihuipiaodeyuanqichengduixinyongzhengbianxiannenglijiaoqiang。qici,chengduixinyongzhengtongshishoudaoguojiguanliheyouguanguojiapiaojufadeyueshu,yineryidanzaijiaoyiguochengzhongfashengjiufendehua,yuanqichengduixinyongzhengxianenggouzuidaxiandudibaozhangshouyirendequanli。fanyadianjingguoxinyongzhengsifajieshidishitiao(yi)zhongde“kaizhengxingdezhidingren、shouquanrenyianzhaokaizhengxingdezhilingshanyidijinxinglefukuan”、(san)zhongde“kaizhengxinghuozheqizhidingren、shouquanrenyiduixinyongzhengxiangxiapiaojushanyidizuochulechengdui”he(si)zhongde“baoduixingshanyidilvxinglefukuanyiwu”,junzhizaibaohuxinyongzhengqizhazhongkaizhengxingdezhidingren、shouquanrendequanyi;dishitiao(er)zhongde“kaizhengxinghuozheqizhidingren、shouquanrenyiduixinyongzhengxiangxiapiaojushanyidizuochulechengdui”,zezhizaibaohupiaojudeliutonghexinyongzhengqizhazhongzhengdangchipiaorendequanyi,yinweiyidanxinyongzhengxiangxiahuipiaobeichengdui,gaihuipiaojiujuyouleliutongdezige,zaixinyongzhengdulixingzhiwaichanshenglepiaojuguanxidedulixing,xinyongzhengxiaquanliyiwuguanxibeipiaojufalvguanxisuotidai,kaizhengxingkenengmianlinjiyupiaojufalvshangjianglaibixufukuandeqingxing。yejiushishuo,ruguoxiangkaizhengxingtishifukuandeshihuipiaodezhengdangchipiaoren,jishishouyirencunzaiqizha,kaizhengxingyebunengjujuefukuan。yinci,shenshenxuanzexinyongzhengfukuanfangshiwulunshiduikaizhengxinghekaizhengshenqingrenlaishuodoushishifenbiyaode。

 

qisan, yidanjinkoushangfaxianshouyirenliyongxinyongzhengjinxingqizha,bixujinkuaiyukaizhengxingqudelianxi,gongshangduice。ruguoyifuxingshengchengyifulexinyongzhengxiadedanju,fanyadianjingbunengjinkaoyizhirongzixieyijiumangmudixiajielun。zuizhongyaodehaishiyaoqiuyinxingyaoduizijiyifudexingweiyuyijuzheng,tigongjiyukehuruzhangdezhenshiyouxiaodehuijipingzheng,cainengrendinggaixingweishiyijingzuochuleyifu。tongshi,xinyongzhengpiaojudezhengdangchipiaorenkeyidedaoxinyongzhengsifajieshidebaohu,danshipiaojudequdezhiyoufuhefalvdeguiding,cainengshoudaobaohu。zaifashengxinyongzhengqizhadeqingkuangxia,fanyadianjingyekeyitongguoyifuxingshifouzaihuipiaohouzuochuzhengquedebeishuxingweilaipandingqishifouweishanyichipiaoren。tongshi,huipiaozuoweizhifupingzhenghekeyijingbeishuhouliutongzhuanrangdegongju,shanyichipiaorenxiangyouyouxianqianshoudequanli。anzhaoxinyongzhengqizhaliwaideyuanze,kaizhengxingbunengyixinyongzhengqizhaweiliyouduishanyichipiaorenjinxingkangbianerjufu。zhengyinweiruci,chukoushangyinxinggengyuanyijieshouchengduixinyongzhengxiaderongziyewu,chufeichengduiyinxinghuoshikaizhengxingzixinjiaocha。zaiciqingkuangxia,shouyirenchulenenggoubanlibeibeishurenxiangyouzhuisuoquandemaoyirongzi,ruchukouyahui、chukoutiexianyewuwai,hainenggoubanlibeibeishurenxiangyouzhuisuoquandefufeitingyewu。kejian,chukoushangzaixinyongzhengjiesuanzhongketongguohuipiaohehuipiaodebeishulaibaohuzishendeliyi。zheidianyinggaiyinqijinkoushangdezhuyi。jinkoushangyinciying“fanqidaoerxingzhi”,zaikailixinyongzhengshi,jinliangbimiankailidaihuipiaodexinyongzheng。

 

泛亚电竞 qisi,genjushiwucaozuo,zaifashengjichuhetongqizhadeqingkuangxia,yingshiyongqizhaliwaideyuanze,yunyongfalvguidingdeqiangzhicuoshizhifuxinyongzhengxiadehuokuan,congerzuzhishouyirenyinqizhaerhuoli。yinci,yidanfashengxinyongzhengqizha,kaizhengshenqingrenhekaizhengxingdoukeyiheliyunyongxinyongzhengqizhaliwaiyuanzeshenqingsifajiuji。gaianzhong,kaizhengshenqingrenduiyuhuowujinxingjishidiaochademinganxingshizhidejiejiande。qixianshitongguohetongyuedingdezhongcaifangshizaizhongguojingneitiqingzhongcai,zhongcaishengxiaohou,youzaixinyongzhengguidingdefukuanshijianneijishinadaolefayuandezhifuling,chenggongdizuzhileyiqiqizhaanlidefasheng。yinci,ruguokaizhengshenqingrenqueyouzhengjuzhengmingshouyirenshishilexinyongzhengqizha,jikelijixiangfayuanshenqingzhifuling。ruguokaizhengxingyehuodexiangyingdezhengjuzhengmingxinyongzhengxiayouqizhafasheng,yekeyizhudongshenqingzhifulingbaozhangzishenliyi。tebiezaikaizhengshenqingrenyushouyirenhemouqizhakaizhengxingdeqingkuangxia,kaizhengxingxiangfayuanshenqingzhifulingshibaohuzijizuiyouxiaodefangshi。

泛亚电竞_泛亚电竞app怎么下载-官网APP下载1

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