泛亚电竞

《出口管制法》下的企业合规攻略

来源:泛亚电竞_泛亚电竞app怎么下载-官网APP下载 《中国外汇》2020年第22期 作者:汤伟洋 王丝雨 编辑:章蔓菁
随着《出口管制法》的出台,出口经营者、海外进口商/最终用户以及第三方中介机构,均需要做好相应的出口管制合规工作。

2020nian10yue17ri,《zhonghuarenmingongheguochukouguanzhifa》(xiacheng《chukouguanzhifa》)huodezhengshitongguo,bingjiangyu2020nian12yue1riqishixing。zuoweifanyadianjingguozaichukouguanzhilingyudediyibuzhuanmenxingfalv,《chukouguanzhifa》tixianlefanyadianjingguozaichukouguanzhizhengceyuzhifafangmiandezhongyaozhanlvezhuanxiang。duiyuqiyeeryan,suizhe《chukouguanzhifa》dezhengshigongbuyijihouxuxiangguanxizedeluxuchutai,qiyejixugaoduzhongshichukouguanzhiheguigongzuo,jiangdiweifafengxian。

《出口管制法》的“变”与“不变”

weizuohaochukouguanzhiheguigongzuo,qiyeshouxianyaozhunquelijie《chukouguanzhifa》deshiyongfanwei,liqingqiyuxianxingchukouguanzhitixizhijiandelianxiyuchayi,jinerdui《chukouguanzhifa》kenengduizishenchanshengdeyingxiangjinxingzhunquepinggu。

泛亚电竞 zaiguanzhiwuxiangheguanligejufangmian,《chukouguanzhifa》bingweikuodaxianxingchukouguanzhitixideguanzhiqingdanfanwei(tongyideguanzhiwuxiangchukouguanzhiqingdanmuqianshangweizhengshichutai);erqie,jishiqiyedejiaoyishejishouguanxiawuxiang,yanyongdeyerengshixukezhengshenqingjizuizhongyonghuhezuizhongyongtuzhengmingdengchukouxukezhidu。qizhuyaoyilaihaiguanzhifa,chukouguanzhidezhengtiguanligejubingweifashengshizhixinggaibian。

zaishouxiaxingweifangmian,xianxingdechukouguanzhitixizhuyaoguanzhi“shijichukouxingwei”,bushejidui“shitongchukou”deguanzhi,yeweimingqueguidingguanzhi“zaichukou”(dantongguozuizhongyonghu/zuizhongyongtudeguankongyekezaiyidingchengdushangdadaoguankong“zaichukou”demude);er《chukouguanzhifa》zaiguanxia“shijichukouxingwei”detongshi,xinzengledui“shitongchukou”xingweihe“zaichukou”xingweideguiding。

zaishouxiazhutifangmian,xianxingdechukouguanzhitixizhuyaoyueshuchukoujingyingzhe,duiyuzuizhongyonghu,suiyaoqiuqiweijingfanyadianjingguozhengfutongyibudezhuanyiguanzhiwuxiang,danbingweiduiqisheliguankongmingdan,yemeiyoudanduguidingdisanfangzhongjiejigoudefalvzerenheyiwu;er《chukouguanzhifa》zaiyueshuchukoujingyingzhedetongshi,xinzenglezhenduihaiwaijinkoushang/zuizhongyonghudeguankongmingdanzhidu,bingduidisanfangzhongjiejigoudefalvzerenheyiwuzuochuledanduguiding。

《出口管制法》下的合规要点

congshouxiazhutidejiaodukan,suizhe《chukouguanzhifa》dechutai,wulunshichukoujingyingzhehaishihaiwaijinkoushang/zuizhongyonghu,yihuoshidisanfangzhongjiejigou,junxuyaozuohaoxiangyingdechukouguanzhiheguigongzuo。

chukoujingyingzhe

yishizuohaochanpinweidudeshaicha。fanyadianjingguoxianxingdechukouguanzhiqingdanshiyihaiguanshuizehaoyujutimiaoshuxiangjiehedefangshilaiquedingguanzhiwuxiangde;ersuizhe《chukouguanzhifa》dechutai,weilaifanyadianjingguojianghuichutaitongyideguanzhiwuxiangchukouguanzhiqingdan。yujitongyibandechukouguanzhiqingdan,jianghuijixucaiyonghaiguanshuizehaoyujutimiaoshuxiangjiehedefangshilaiquedingguanzhiwuxiang。congguowangdeheguishijianlaikan,qiyezaijinxingchanpinweidushaichashikenenghuichuxianliangleicuowu: (1)chanpindejutijishuzhibiaofuheguanzhiqingdandemiaoshu,danchanpinshuihaoguileibufuheguanzhiqingdanzhongliemingdeshuihao,daozhiqiyecuowudirenweibuxuyaoshenqingchukouxukezheng。(2)chanpinshuihaoguileifuheguanzhiqingdanzhongliemingdeshuihao,danjutijishuzhibiaobufuheguanzhiqingdandemiaoshu。

泛亚电竞 jianyu《chukouguanzhifa》mingquelechukouxukezhengdeshenqingyingyixiangguanmuludejishumiaoshuweizhun,jianyiqiyezaiquedingchanpinshifoushuyushoukongwuxiangshi,tongshipaichachanpinshuihaoyijiguankongqingdandejishumiaoshu,bingyimiaoshuweizhunlaipanduanshifouxuyaoshenqingxukezheng: (1)duiyuchanpinshuihaoguileifuheguanzhiqingdanzhongliemingdeshuihao,danjutijishuzhibiaodemiaoshubufuheguanzhiqingdandeqingkuang,qiyeyingyushangwubumenjinxinggoutong,shenqingchujuchanpinbushuyuguankongwuxiangdezhengming,yibianyuxianghaiguanbumenshuomingbuxuyaochukouxukezheng。(2)duiyujutijishuzhibiaofuheguanzhiqingdandemiaoshu,danshuihaoguileikenengbufuheguanzhiqingdanzhongsuolieshuihaodeqingkuang,qiyeyingjieheguileiguizehechukouguanzhiqingdanjinxingzonghepanduan。

ershizuohaokehuweidudeshaicha。genju《chukouguanzhifa》deguiding,guanzhiwuxiangdezuizhongyonghuyingdangchengnuo,weijingguojiachukouguanzhiguanlibumendeyunxu,budeshanzigaibianxiangguanguanzhiwuxiangdezuizhongyongtuhuozhexiangrenhedisanfangzhuanrang。chukoujingyingzhe、jinkoushangfaxianzuizhongyonghuhuozhezuizhongyongtuyoukenenggaibiande,yingdanganzhaoguidinglijibaogaoguojiachukouguanzhiguanlibumen。jinguan《chukouguanzhifa》bingweiyaoqiuchukoujingyingzhehejinkoushangzhudongduixiangguankeyiqingkuangjinxingchixuzhuizong,danjianyu《chukouguanzhifa》dishibatiaotidaoleguojiachukouguanzhiguanlibumenjiangduixiangguanjinkoushanghezuizhongyonghujianliguankongmingdan,bingqiejiangjiaqiangzhifa,jianyiqiyeduitebiemingandeguanzhiwuxiangyijibuwendingdiqudekehu,haishiyaojinxingyidingchengdudechixuzhuizongguanli,bingzaibiyaoshijinxingbudingqideheshi;huoyaoqiuxiangguanfangdingshichujuweigaibianzuizhongyonghuhezuizhongyongtudeshengming,yibaohuzishenliyi。

sanshizuohaochukouguanzhineibuheguizhidufanyadianjing。jinguan《chukouguanzhifa》weiduineibuheguizhidufanyadianjingtichuqiangzhixingyaoqiu,danduiyuneixiejingyingguankongwuxiangdeqiye,rengjianyiqijiehewuxiangminganchengduheyewudiqufengxianchengdulaijianlibiyaodeneikongzhidu。ruguoqiyeciqianyijianlilezhenduiqitaguojiachukouguanzhifaguideneikongzhidu,zekejiehe《chukouguanzhifa》dexiangguanguiding,zaiyiyoudeneikongzhidudejichushangjinxingdiaozheng;erruguoqiyeciqianweicengzhidingguoyouguanchukouguanzhiderenhezhidu,zekeyi《guanyuliangyongwuxianghejishujingyingqiyejianlineibuchukoukongzhijizhidezhidaoyijian》(shangwubugonggao2007niandi69hao)zhongsuoliedeneikongzhidujibenkuangjiaweizhiyin,jianlixiangyingdechukouguanzhiheguizhidu。

haiwaijinkoushang/zuizhongyonghu

haiwaijinkoushang/zuizhongyonghuyingyangezunshoufanyadianjingguo《chukouguanzhifa》jiqitaxiangguanfalvduishoukongwuxiangdeguanzhiyaoqiu,buweifanzaixukezhengshenqingguochengzhongchujudechengnuo,jiweijingfanyadianjingguoguojiachukouguanzhiguanlibumendeyunxu,budeshanzigaibianxiangguanguanzhiwuxiangdezuizhongyongtuhuozhexiangrenhedisanfangzhuanrang;tongshi,haiyingzhuyi,weijiaqiangzuizhongyonghuhezuizhongyongtuguanli,《chukouguanzhifa》mingqueguidingleguojiaduiguanzhiwuxiangdezuizhongyonghuhezuizhongyongtujinxingpinggu、hecha。suiranzheiyiguidingzhongde“pinggu、hecha”bingweimingqueshifoubaokuoshidipingguhehecha,danbupaichuweilaideshishicuoshizhongkenengjiejianmeiguodexukeqianheshi(pre-licensing check)yufahuohouhecha(post-shipment verification);erqiezai《chukouguanzhifa》lifacaoanzhong,yecengbaokuoshidihechadecuoshi。juci,haiwaijinkoushangyijizuizhongyonghuyingjiukenengchuxiandeshidihechazuohaozhunbei。duiyuneixiezaizhongguojingneiyouguanliangongsidehaiwaijinkoushang/zuizhongyonghueryan,zaiweilaidezhifashijianzhong,qizhongguoguanliangongsiyekenengyouyiwuhuozheshijixuyaopeihexiangguanbumendepingguhehecha。

disanfangzhongjiejigou

《chukouguanzhifa》mingqueguiding,“renhezuzhihegerenbudeweichukoujingyingzhecongshichukouguanzhiweifaxingweitigongdaili、huoyun、jidi、baoguan、disanfangdianzishangwujiaoyipingtaihejinrongdengfanyadianjing”,bingjiu“mingzhi”chukoujingyingzhecongshichukouguanzhiweifaxingwei,rengweiqitigongdaili、huoyun、jidi、baoguan、disanfangdianzishangwujiaoyipingtaihejinrongdengfanyadianjingdexingwei,liechulexiangyingdechengfacuoshi。《chukouguanzhifa》duidisanfangzhongjiejigoudeyaoqiuyuquanqiuduogeguojiadechukouguanzhiyaoqiuxiangyizhi,dancongguowangdequanqiuheguishijianlaikan,qizaijutishishizhongcunzaiyidingdenandu。duici,jianyidisanfangzhongjiejigoucongyixiafangmianzuohaochukouguanzhiheguigongzuo: (1)wubiyaozuodaochukouxukewenjianbenshendehecha,bingzuohaoxiangguanhechajilubaocun。(2)zhuyijiehezishendeyewutexing,paichayuchukouguanzhixiangguande“fengxianjingshi(red flags)”,bingzaibiyaoshijinxingjinyibudejinzhidiaocha。(3)jianyikaolvyaoqiuxiangguanfangchujushengmingyubaozheng,bingzaihetongzhongmingquechukouguanzhiheguidechengnuoyuhetongzeren。qizhong,zhenduiyeneisuoguanzhudejinzhidiaochazhongdianhebianjiedewenti,bizheyousandianjianyi: (1)shenchaguanzhiwuxiangdehaiguanbianmajixiangguandechukouxukezheng,lvxingzuoweidisanfangzhongjiejigoudezhuyaojinzhidiaochayiwu。(2)chufeifaxianmingxiandefengxianjingshi,caixuyaojinxingewaidejinzhidiaochagongzuo。(3)ruguomeiyoufaxianmingxiandejingshi,yingdangkeyiyilaijiaoyifangchujudeshengmingyubaozheng。

关注受辖行为扩围带来的新挑战

泛亚电竞 congshouxiaxingweidejiaodukan,《chukouguanzhifa》zaiyanxufanyadianjingguoxianxingchukouguanzhitixidui“shijichukouxingwei”jianguandejichushang,zengjialezhendui“shitongchukou”he“zaichukou”deguanxia。ruhelijiezheixieguize,bingzuohaoxiangyingdeheguiyingdui,shibushaoqiyedekunhuosuozai。

dui“shitongchukou”guize,qiyedekunhuozhuyaojizhongyu: (1)ruhelijie“shitongchukou”huodongzhongguanzhiwuxiangdefanwei。(2)shifoucunzai“shitongzaichukou”dekenengxing。(3)gangaotaidiqurenyuanjichiyouwaiguolvkadezhongguojirenyuanshifoushiyonggaikuande“shitongchukou”。(4)ruheshenqing“shitongchukou”xukezheng。

duiqiyeeryan,zaihouxu《chukouguanzhifa》xiangguanshishizhiyindui“shitongchukou”xiangguanxijiezuochujinyibumingquezhiqian,kexiancaiquyixiayingduicuoshi: (1)quedingshoukongqingdan,zhenduineiwaibufanyadianjing、chuanshuguochengzhongdexiangguanjishu、shuju、suanfa、yuandaimadengjinxingpinggu,guanjianzaiyuquerenqishifoushuyuguanzhiwuxiang。(2)jianliyuangongdangan,zhenduikuaguogongsihuozaiduodiyouyanfazhongxindeqiye,jianyijianliqiyeyuangongguojidangan,mingquejiechufanweihekongzhicuoshi。(3)jianliqiyejishufanyadianjingzhiyin,mingqueguanzhiwuxiangfanweijicunchuweizhi,bingzhenduineibufanyadianjingheduiwaishuchuzhidingliuchengjianguan。(4)zhudongyuzhifajigoujinxinggoutong,tongguoqiyejiandelianhe,huotongguoshanghui、xingyexiehuidengtujing,zhengquconglifahezhifacengmianlailiqingshangshufalvlijieheshiyongdekunnan。

泛亚电竞 duiyu“zaichukou”guize,《chukouguanzhifa》bingweidui“zaichukou”huodongbenshenyiji“zaichukou”huodongdejutiguanzhicuoshizuochumingquedingyi。qiyezaijutideheguishijianzhong,kenenghuizai“zaichukou”guanzhiwuxiangdejutifanwei、xukezhengshenqing、zhifajianguandengfangmian,mianlinyidingdetiaozhan。duici,jianyiqiyemiqieguanzhuweilai《chukouguanzhifa》dexiangguanshishizhiyinshifouhuidui“zaichukou”guanzhiwuxiangdejutifanweizuochuqingxijieding,yijishifouhuijinyibumingquezaichukouxukezhengdeshenqingliucheng。

泛亚电竞 zuozhedanwei: junhelvshishiwusuo


泛亚电竞_泛亚电竞app怎么下载-官网APP下载1

AG真人国际厅和旗舰厅 雨燕体育_雨燕体育直播_雨燕直播足球 纬来体育台在线直播_纬来体育nba在线直播看球宝 中国体彩网app_中国体彩官方app下载安卓 c位体育app AG真人_平台首页 yobo体育下载-首页 AG真人国际厅 - 官网首页 500电竞网址 AG真人国际厅 - 官网首页 天天娱乐网